In, Florida, we have the Florida carpenter ant and it is different from the black carpenter ant, found in the Northern parts of the US. One of the main differences is the colouration. Florida carpenter ants have a reddish-brown head and thorax (middle), and dark brown to black abdomen, whereas black carpenter ants are (hmmm...) black.
Carpenter ants are not aggressive but they do have a painful bite if they are over-handled ,or if you attack their nest. Florida carpenter ants are not known to damage wood. They do like to live around wood and especially in moist dark areas. The big problem with carpenter ants is that they are difficult to find. I have found carpenter ants living in just about every kind area you can imagine, especially in places where it's dark and warm such as, water heaters, toasters, large appliances, coffee machines, and even gaming systems. These ants live in walls, attics, and outside. Here's a video of me trying to find a nest in an attic: